[1] “Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey The Immortals,” Fox Channel, Episode 11, 25 May 2014.

[http://www.hulu.com/watch/636513#i0,p7,d0]

Most quotes in this article are from the closed captioning included in this video version.

[2] “Cosmos series pictures,” space.com, 2014.

[http://www.space.com/24961-cosmos-spacetime-odyssey-tv-series-photos.html]

[3] “Cosmos The Immortals,” Of Dice and Pen, May 21, 2014

[http://ofdiceandpenblog.blogspot.com/2014/05/cosmos-immortals.html]

[4] “Unscrolled: 54 Writers and Artists Wrestle with the Torah,”, biblejunkies.com.

[http://www.biblejunkies.com/2013/09/unscrolled-54-writers-and-artists.html]

[5] Daune E.Jeffery, “Noahs Flood: Modern Scholarship and Mormon Traditions,” Sunstone, October 2004 .

[https://www.sunstonemagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/sbi/articles/134-27-45.pdf]

RPMNote: I highly recommend reading this excellent article. Notice that trying to explain the account in Genesis as a local flood becomes very difficult without having oral traditions changing the original story into a more “epic” tale. The Pearl of Great Price account of what happened in the vision of Genesis that Moses received and then recorded himself is, I think, a major obstacle to establishing credible logic for this “campfire stories” explanation.

Ronald P. Millett, “More on Noah, Big Bang and MRI Inventor,”Meridian Magazine, April 28, 2014.

[http://www.ldsmag.com/article/1/14267]

 

“Bill Nye: Mr. Ham and his followers have this remarkable view of a worldwide flood that somehow influenced everything that we observe in nature, a 500 foot wooden boat, 8 zookeepers for 14,000 individual animals, every land plant in the world under water for a full year. I ask us all is that really reasonable?”

[6] Jacqueline S. Mitchell, “The Truth Behind Noahs Flood,” pbs.org.

[http://www.pbs.org/saf/1207/features/noah.htm]

Ronald P. Millett, “More on Noah, Big Bang and MRI Inventor,” Meridian Magazine, April 28, 2014.

[http://www.ldsmag.com/article/1/14267]

“The other kind of local flood is the filling a bathtub less catastrophic flood, such as the Black Sea being filled up from the Mediterranean Sea believed to have happened in about 6,000 BC. This is the biggest flood we know about in the Middle East area in the fairly recent past. The water rose six inches to a foot per day and the Black Sea water level ended up about 450 feet higher after one to three years of water flow, 200 times more intense than Niagara Falls. That gradual a flood would not threaten animal and human life as they could keep ahead of the rising waters by going to higher ground. There would be no need for an ark and there would not be catastrophic loss of life as described by Peter in the key verses pertaining to the work of salvation for the dead. The specifications do not fit this kind of local flood either: Such slowly rising waters are easily avoided, people and animals can go to higher ground, waters did not recede after flood.”

“Global Flood?” forums.catholic.com.

[forums.catholic.com/showthread.php?t=99017]

url for Picture

[7] “The words of God, which he spake unto Moses at a time when Moses was caught up into an exceedingly high mountain, And he saw God face to face, and he talked with him, and the glory of God was upon Moses; therefore Moses could endure his presence. And God spake unto Moses, saying: Behold, I am the Lord God Almighty, and Endless is my name; for I am without beginning of days or end of years; and is not this endless? And, behold, thou art my son; wherefore look, and I will show thee the workmanship of mine hands; but not all, for my works are without end, and also my words, for they never cease.”

“And it came to pass that Moses looked, and beheld the world upon which he was created; and Moses beheld the world and the ends thereof, and all the children of men which are, and which were created; of the same he greatly marveled and wondered. And it came to pass, as the voice was still speaking, Moses cast his eyes and beheld the earth, yea, even all of it; and there was not a particle of it which he did not behold, discerning it by the spirit of God. And he beheld also the inhabitants thereof, and there was not a soul which he beheld not; and he discerned them by the Spirit of God; and their numbers were great, even numberless as the sand upon the sea shore.”

“But only an account of this earth, and the inhabitants thereof, give I unto you. For behold, there are many worlds that have passed away by the word of my power. And there are many that now stand, and innumerable are they unto man; but all things are numbered unto me, for they are mine and I know them.”

“And the Lord God spake unto Moses, saying: The heavens, they are many, and they cannot be numbered unto man; but they are numbered unto me, for they are mine. And as one earth shall pass away, and the heavens thereof even so shall another come; and there is no end to my works, neither to my words. For behold, this is my work and my gloryto bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man.”

“And now, Moses, my son, I will speak unto thee concerning this earth upon which thou standest; and thou shalt write the things which I shall speak. And in a day when the children of men shall esteem my words as naught and take many of them from the book which thou shalt write, behold, I will raise up another like unto thee; and they shall be had again among the children of menamong as many as shall believe.”

“And it came to pass that the Lord spake unto Moses, saying: Behold, I reveal unto you concerning this heaven, and this earth; write the words which I speak. I am the Beginning and the End, the Almighty God; by mine Only Begotten I created these things; yea, in the beginning I created the heaven, and the earth upon which thou standest.”

“Wherefore, I can stretch forth mine hands and hold all the creations which I have made; and mine eye can pierce them also, and among all the workmanship of mine hands there has not been so great wickedness as among thy brethren. But behold, their sins shall be upon the heads of their fathers; Satan shall be their father, and misery shall be their doom; and the whole heavens shall weep over them, even all the workmanship of mine hands; wherefore should not the heavens weep, seeing these shall suffer? But behold, these which thine eyes are upon shall perish in the floods; and behold, I will shut them up; a prison have I prepared for them. Wherefore Enoch saw that Noah built an ark; and that the Lord smiled upon it, and held it in his own hand; but upon the residue of the wicked the floods came and swallowed them up.” [Joseph Smiths vision of Moses vision of Enochs vision]

(Moses 1:1-4, 8, 27-28, 35, 2:1, 6:36-38, 43)

[8] “The Generations of Adam,” Pearl of Great Price Teacher Manual, ldsces.org.

[http://www.ldsces.org/manuals/pearl-of-great-price-teacher-manual/pgp-tch-mos-6-1.asp]

[9] “On the Question of the Mars Meteorite,” usra.edu.

[http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lpi/meteorites/mars_meteorite.html]

[10] Our modern communications are broadcast into space and could conceivably be detected by other civilizations.


Dr. Tyson discusses that possibility:

“This could be how life came to earth. We do not know for sure. Are there any beings out there like us? Do they ask the same questions? Do they share our fears? Do they have heroes and adventures? If they do exist, where are they? How might they make their presence known? [Discusses bouncing radio waves off the moon in 1946. TV, FM radio and other communications.] You can say that our world is radiating stories.”

“Our ancestors etched the story of Gilgamesh into clay tablets, sending that epic tale into the future. Weve encoded our stories in radio waves and beamed them into space. Weve been sending our stories into space for over 70 years. What if other worlds are sending their stories into space? [SETI discussion with no results so far] For all we know, we may have just missed an alien signal, looking at the wrong place at the wrong time. Their messages could be swirling around us at this very moment but we lack the means to perceive them, just as all of our ancestors, up to a little more than a century ago, would have been oblivious to the most urgent radio signal from another world.”

[11] Ronald P. Millett, “Can Evolution Create an Eye?” Meridian Magazine, May 12, 2014.

[http://www.ldsmag.com/article/1/14326]

Footnote reference #17:

Kenneth Miller, “A True Acid Test,” Discussion from 1999 book Finding Darwins God.

[http://www.millerandlevine.com/km/evol/DI/AcidTest.html]

“Behe’s Criticizes the eb System because it is Fashioned from Pre-existing Genes. But that is Exactly how Evolution Works!”

“The fact that each of these parts were scavenged from pre-existing genes doesn’t compromise this example a bit. At the time Hall deleted the true galactosidase gene, not one of these three components existed in its final, functional form. Mutation and selection produced each of them, not from scratch as Behe would demand, but from pre-existing genes. As Melndez-Hevia and his co-authors paraphrased Jacob in their study of the Krebs cycle evolution does not produce novelties from scratch: It works on what already exists[ J Mol Evol 43: 293-303 (1996)].”

“RPMNote: e. coli has five million letters and mammals three billion letters. If evolution is not good at creating long new sequences, then how in the world can you go from the millions to billions of letters? If you need the new sequence “abracadabra alakazam” (or rather its equivalent in DNA language), how can that possibly happen via evolution?”

[12] “After this communication, I saw the light in the room begin to gather immediately around the person of him who had been speaking to me, and it continued to do so until the room was again left dark, except just around him; when, instantly I saw, as it were, a conduit open right up into heaven, and he ascended till he entirely disappeared, and the room was left as it had been before this heavenly light had made its appearance.” (Joseph Smith History 1:43)

(Account of ascension of Angel Moroni after appearing to Joseph Smith).

[13] “Moronis Visitation,” Mormonthink.

[http://mormonthink.com/img/moroni-ldswebpage.jpg]

[14] We have the advantage of the analysis of prophets, ancient and modern, to trace the cause and effect relationship between calamities of various kinds. Consider the account of Nephi in Helaman chapter 11.

“O Lord, do not suffer that this people shall be destroyed by the sword; but O Lord, rather let there be a famine in the land, to stir them up in remembrance of the Lord their God, and perhaps they will repent and turn unto thee. And so it was done, according to the words of Nephi. And there was a great famine upon the land, among all the people of Nephi. And thus in the seventy and fourth year the famine did continue, and the work of destruction did cease by the sword but became sore by famine. 6 And this work of destruction did also continue in the seventy and fifth year. For the earth was smitten that it was dry, and did not yield forth grain in the season of grain; and the whole earth was smitten, even among the Lamanites as well as among the Nephites, so that they were smitten that they did perish by thousands in the more wicked parts of the land.” (Helaman 11:4-6)

In this case, the extended famine was caused directly by the wickedness of the people in refusing to keep the commandments of God. And we see that God does have final control over the climate and the weather, which He sometimes uses to test and to try His children here on the earth for their all-important second estate test.

[15] Stephen Oppenheimer, “The Mount Toba volcanic super-eruption,”

[http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/journey/toba2.html]

Nephi explains the relationship of righteousness or wickedness and calamities that come upon the earth.

“For thus spake the prophet: The Lord God surely shall visit all the house of Israel at that day, some with his voice, because of their righteousness, unto their great joy and salvation, and others with the thunderings and the lightnings of his power, by tempest, by fire, and by smoke, and vapor of darkness, and by the opening of the earth, and by mountains which shall be carried up. And all these things must surely come, saith the prophet Zenos. And the rocks of the earth must rend; and because of the groanings of the earth, many of the kings of the isles of the sea shall be wrought upon by the Spirit of God, to exclaim: The God of nature suffers.”

(1 Nephi 19:11-12)

[16] As far as “profit driven” economics being destructive and short sighted, all systems of government also suffer from a tendency toward corruption and ignoring needed reforms. Freedom plus a righteous people are the only systems that work. Surely Enochs city combined righteousness and self-control with being good stewards of the earth as was Adam.

The Lords standard of government and economics:

“And that law of the land which is constitutional, supporting that principle of freedom in maintaining rights and privileges, belongs to all mankind, and is justifiable before me. Therefore, I, the Lord, justify you, and your brethren of my church, in befriending that law which is the constitutional law of the land; And as pertaining to law of man, whatsoever is more or less than this, cometh of evil.” (D&C 98:5-7)

Mark W. Cannon, “How the World Evaluates Mormonism: Observations of Guru Peter Drucker,” Meridian Magazine, January 24, 2013.

[http://www.ldsmag.com/article/12115]

“At a Harvard seminar on volunteerism in 1989, world-class organization and management guru Peter Drucker told me that the Mormons are the only Utopia that ever worked.

“Peter Drucker is widely recognized as the father of modern management and as one of the most astute observers of organizational and managerial effectiveness. He saw management as “the organ that converts a mob into an organization and human effort into performance.” A century after his birth and four years after his death at 96, his life of contributions was richly commemorated in the November 19th, 2009 issue of The Economist, the November 2009 Harvard Business Review, and The Financial Times on 11-23-09.”

[17] “Emissions cuts too slow to fight climate change, warns UN report,” theguardian.


com, November 21, 2012.

[http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2012/nov/21/emissions-cuts-climate-change-un]

“A UN report on rising greenhouse gas emissions reminded world governments Wednesday that their efforts to fight climate change are far from enough to meet their stated goal of limiting global warming to 2C. The report by the UN Environment Programme (Unep), released just days before the start of a major climate conference, said the concentration of heat-trapping greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is up about 20% since 2000. Scientists say those emissions are contributing to climate change and that failure to contain them could have dangerous consequences, including rising sea levels inundating coastal cities, dramatic shifts in rainfall disrupting agriculture and drinking water, the spread of diseases and the extinction of species.”

RPMNote: These are the catastrophic predictions. Essentially carbon emission quotas and horrendous taxes then become established that will affect the entire world supposedly to try to avoid these results coming true. The scientific theories are given as the authority to do this. Fortunately, we have many predictions that have already been made using these theories and these predictions have failed. The key testing of predictions of a scientific theory using the scientific method enables a theory to be falsified so it can be withdrawn and another theory can be then formulated and tested.

[18] Anthony Watts, “Challenging the Scientific Consensus on Climate Change,” Watts Up with That, January 21, 2013.

[http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/01/21/challenging-the-scientific-consensus-on-climate-change/]

“Consensus is often cited in support of scientific paradigms, including anthropogenic climate change. Australian physicist Tom Quirk has neatly dissected the consensus argument for the human role in climate change in an article in Quadrant Online entitled “Of climate science and stomach bugs.” This curiously entitled piece begins with the story of how Australians Barry Marshall and Robin Warren revolutionized the treatment of stomach ulcers in 1982 when they discovered that peptic ulcers are mainly caused by a bacterium.”

“While their claim was stubbornly rejected by drug companies and surgeons who profited handsomely from treating ulcer patients, in the end truth prevailed over dogma and Marshall and Warren received the 2005 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.”

Comment by David L. Hagen, “Cooks 97% consensus disproven by a new peer reviewed paper showing major math errors,” Watts Up With That?, 2013.

[http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/09/03/cooks-97-consensus-disproven-by-a-new-paper-showing-major-math-errors/]

“despite their good intentions, Benestad et al. (2013) do not really demonstrate anything because often they do not even make explicit the functions they use or their data analysis results or figures. . . . In history of science the same flawed superficial logic has been often used by those who have opposed the emerging physical theories proposed since the 16th centuries from Galileo to Einstein and beyond. This work does not serve a scientific purpose, but a political one.”

RPMNote: The energy companies are said to be corrupt and only pursuing profit. These companies provide wonderful products and services and because they are profitable (about 8% during good times) are able to provide these services. The countries that have the energy reserves are likely far more corrupt than the oil companies tasked with their development. The cap and trade and carbon tax system will be an extremely profitable trillion dollar a year business and it is dependent on a quota system, the cap, so that the worlds energy use can be governed by centralized governments. If we are concerned about corruption in the oil companies, we should be even more concerned about the corruption possible in governments and industries like the Wall Street firms that will be involved in the cap and trade and carbon tax imposition, which will become the worlds biggest and likely also the most corrupt business. (D&C 121:39)

Here is a current example of a scientist speaking out against the restrictions in energy development now being imposed on Africa that prevents them from developing their oil and coal reserves. He is a statistician who works with models that are used to explain climate change and justify worldwide government control over carbon emissions. He asserts that the models are inadequate to explain the data.

Caleb S. Rossiter, “Sacrificing Africa for Climate change,” Wall Street Journal, May 4, 2014.

[http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303380004579521791400395288]

“Western policies seem more interested in carbom-dioxide levels than in life expectancy.”

“Every year environmental groups celebrate a night when institutions in developed countries (including my own university) turn off their lights as a protest against fossil fuels. They say their goal is to get America and Europe to look from space like Africa: dark, because of minimal energy use. “

“Global Warming Witch Hunt Continues with Caleb Rossiter,” Investors Business Daily, June 16, 2014.

[http://news.investors.com/ibd-editorials/061614-704895-caleb-rossiter-fired-for-climate-views.htm?ven=rss]

“Junk Science: Without evidence to back up their claims, climate zealots have taken to intimidation. They’re blacklisting academics who have the nerve to question the settled science of climate change.

“The latest victim of climate McCarthyism is Caleb Rossiter, who, until his op-ed challenging the “consensus” on climate change was published in the Wall Street Journal, was a Democratic academic who briefly forayed into politics but was content to crusade against U.S. support for dictators and against the use of anti-personnel land mines.

“In that op-ed, Rossiter called himself an Africanist. He not only questioned the science behind climate change warnings but the impact of abandoning fossil fuels on human progress on a continent that’s lowest in production of carbon emissions and the neediest in terms of economic development.”

“Where’s the justice, Rossiter asked in his piece Sacrificing Africa For Climate Change, in trying to deny to Africans the reliable electricity and thus the economic development and extended years of life that fossil fuels can bring?

“Even if the wildest claims of climate zealots are true, he writes, Africa should be exempted from global restraints as it seeks to modernize.

“Rossiter doesn’t accept these claims, noting the computer models simply built in the assumption that fossil fuels are the culprit when temperatures rise, even though a similar warming took place from 1900 to 1940, before fossil fuels could have caused it.”

Dominic Lynch, “Exclusive: Prof Fired for Calling Global Warming Unproved Science stands Firm,” June 18, 2014.

[http://www.thecollegefix.com/post/18034/]

“American University statistician tells The Fix: Belief in climate catastrophe simply not logical

“If one would have asked statistician Caleb Rossiter a decade ago about global warming, he says he would have given the same answer that President Barack Obama offered at a recent commencement address. He castigated people who dont believe in climate catastrophe as some sort of major fools, Rossiter says of the presidents speech, adding he would have agreed with the president back then.

“But Rossiter would give a different answer today.

“I am simply someone who became convinced that the claims of certainty about the cause of the warming and the effect of the warming were tremendously and irresponsibly overblown, he said in an exclusive interview Tuesday with The College Fix. I am not someone who says there wasnt warming and it doesnt have an effect, I just cannot figure out why so many people believe that it is a catastrophic threat to our society and to Africa.”

“And he will continue to teach college students that the data behind catastrophic climate change does not stand up to scrutiny after all, its how he came to hold such opinions himself.


“About a decade ago, Rossiter assigned his international statistics students a paper that asked them to analyze some topic of international affairs using statistics. When one female student turned in a paper on humans role in global warming, he gave her an F.

“She came to see me and said, But Doc, its not fair, I am just repeating exactly what they said, he recalled. And I said, Thats impossible, because the evidence you cited here is just wishful thinking, there is no real data.”

“So I sat down with her and we looked over the article, which is one of the classic ones in climate change in which they developed a computer model that tries to say how much of the half a degree rise in temperature can you attribute to natural variation or the Arctic oscillation, or whatever the hell is going on up in the north there when the seas gets warmer and colder over long periods, things sort of like El Nio- or is it human [caused]?”

“I had to raise her grade because she certainly had cited the evidence they had given, but I just couldnt give her much of a grade because she should have been able to see as most people should be able to see that the computer models were just guessing and sort of notional, and just kind of playing around to get a good fit, but didnt have much scientific basis.”

“So I became quite interested in this phenomenon, he added. So many of my colleagues and so much of educated America and liberal newspapers and all just believe that mathematicians have set up models that should make us very certain that the recent half-degree uptick from 1980 to 2000 was human caused when in fact they were just playing with the models. I use models a lot, and these were pretty weak.”

“So there is really two big statistical questions: what caused the little warming, and what effect did the warming have on these other climate variables? he said. I am a pretty decent statistician, I have taught for many, many years. The data that support the headlines are very, very weak, very, very notional, and simply not logical.”

[19] Here are some of the predictions using the climate change/global warming theories that have not come to pass. When this happens, the scientific method specifies that the theory needs to be withdrawn and another theory developed.

Bryan Walsh, “A Silent Hurricane Season Adds Fuel to a Debate Over Global Warming,” time.com, September 9, 2013. [http://science.time.com/2013/09/09/a-silent-hurricane-season-ignites-a-debate-over-global-warming/]

“Its been quiet this hurricane season too quiet. Back in May, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration predicted a “very active” tropical-storm season, one with between seven and 11 hurricanes. The agency lowered that estimate in August to between six and nine hurricanes, but still predicted that three to five of them would become major storms, with winds above 111 m.p.h.”

“The truth is that scientists arent really sure why there hasnt been a hurricane yet this season, nor do they know why an intense hurricane Category 3, 4, 5 hasnt made landfall in the U.S. since Wilma all the way back in 2005. (Sandy, for all the damage it did, was barely a Category 1 storm by the time it made landfall along the East Coast.) And as Andrew Revkin reported in the New York Times, leaked drafts of the forthcoming Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) seem to reflect a reduced scientific certainty that global warming will make storms stronger and more frequent. In the 2007 report, the IPCC said that it was more likely than not a greater than 50% certainty in the panels terminology that human activity was contributing to an observed intensification of hurricane activity in some parts of the world. Now the IPCC or at least the draft says it has “low confidence” of that relationship, which means it believes that there is only a 2-out-of-10 chance of being correct. The estimated probability that the 21st century will see more intense hurricane activity has fallen as well.”

Peter Ferrara, “The Period Of No Global Warming Will Soon Be Longer Than the Period of Actual Global Warming,” Forbes, February 24, 2014.

[http://www.forbes.com/sites/peterferrara/2014/02/24/the-period-of-no-global-warming-will-soon-be-longer-than-the-period-of-actual-global-warming/]

“If you look at the record of global temperature data, you will find that the late 20th Century period of global warming actually lasted about 20 years, from the late 1970s to the late 1990s. Before that, the globe was dominated by about 30 years of global cooling, giving rise in the 1970s to media discussions of the return of the Little Ice Age (circa 1450 to 1850), or worse.”

“But the record of satellite measurements of global atmospheric temperatures now shows no warming for at least 17 years and 5 months, from September, 1996 to January, 2014, as shown on the accompanying graphic. That is surely 17 years and 6 months now, accounting for February.”

Picture #F1 graph on temps

No caption.

“Even worse for the theory of catastrophic, anthropogenic (human caused), global warming is that during this now extended period of no global warming mankinds emissions of the carbon dioxide (CO2) that are supposed to be predominant in causing global warming continued to explode, with one third of all CO2 added to the atmosphere since the industrial revolution occurring during this period. The Economist magazine shocked the global warming establishment with an article in March, 2013 that began with this lead:”

“OVER the past 15 years air temperatures at the Earths surface have been flat while greenhouse-gas emissions have continued to soar. The world added roughly 100 billion tonnes of carbon to the atmosphere between 2000 and 2010. That is about a quarter of all the CO2 put there by humanity since 1750.”

“Moreover, the now extended trend of no global warming is not turning around any time soon. That increasingly established trend is being produced by long term natural causes. Even rank amateurs among the general public can see that the sun is the dominant influence on the Earths temperatures. Even the most politicized scientists know that they cannot deny that solar activity such as sun spot cycles, and variations in solar magnetic fields or in the flux of cosmic rays, have contributed to major climate changes of the past, such as the Little Ice Age, particularly pronounced from roughly 1650 AD to 1850 AD, the Medieval Warm period from about 950 AD to 1250 AD, during which global temperatures were higher than today, and the early 20th century Warming Period from 1910 to 1940 AD.”

Michael Bastasch, “Top 5 failed snow free and ice free predictions,” Daily Caller News foundation, March 4, 2014.

[http://dailycaller.com/2014/03/04/top-5-failed-snow-free-and-ice-free-predictions/]

“With the U.S. East Coast blanketed in snow once again, its hard to imagine that climate scientists and environmentalists predicted years ago that the end of snow was nigh and that the Arctic would soon be ice-free.”

“But past predictions of snow free winters and even an ice-free Arctic have failed to materialize. Here are some past predictions that winter as we know it would become a thing of the past.

“1.


Scientists predicted in 2000 that kids would grow up without snow.

2. Its been 10 years since scientists predicted the end of skiing in Scotland.

3. The Arctic would be ice-free by now.

4. Environmentalists predicted the end of spring snowfall.

5. The end of skiing.”

RPMNote: We hear the arguments that we must still do the horrendous regulations and changes just in case the theories DO turn out right. The cost in destruction of our economy, freedom and way of life is far too much to act like that “just in case.”

[20] “Giant Elliptical Galaxy M87,” wolaver.org.

[http://www.wolaver.org/space/M87.htm]

“The giant elliptical galaxy M87, also called Virgo A, is a remarkable object. It is the largest galaxy in the closest cluster of galaxies to us the famous Virgo Cluster of galaxiesand lies at the distance of about 55 million light years. M87’s diameter is120,000 light years, more than the diameter of our Milky Way’s disk. However, because M87 is elliptical of type E1 or E0, it fills a much larger volume, and thus contains many more stars (and mass) than our galaxyabout 2.7 trillion solar masses. It is also of extreme luminosity, with an absolute magnitude of about 22.”

[21] “The Family: A Proclamation to the World,” 1995.

[https://www.lds.org/topics/family-proclamation?lang=eng]

[22] “Une primaire qui roule,” primairequiroule.com.

[http://primairequiroule.blogspot.com/2013_04_01_archive.html]

[23] Thomas S. Monson, “I Know that my Redeemer Lives,” April 2007 Conference.

[https://www.lds.org/general-conference/2007/04/i-know-that-my-redeemer-lives]

[24] Richard Draper and Michael Rhodes, “Sound Familiar? The book of Revelations Message for our Times,” Meridian Magazine, June 2 2014.

[https://ldsmag.com/article/1/14424]