01-1. Location ViewFigure 1. Nathan Richardson, 1978-: The Location View of the Plan of Happiness (1)

A Christ-Centered View of the Plan of Happiness

The figure above shows what Nathan Richardson calls the “location view” of the Plan of Salvation-or, as Alma calls it, the “great plan of happiness.”[2] There is nothing factually wrong with the figure. It is a clear and easy to understand diagram of where we have been and where we are going. However, as Richardson observes, something essential is missing: there is no mention anywhere of Jesus Christ and His role as Savior and Redeemer.[3]This is a way of thinking about the Plan that, regrettably, leaves out its very heart.

01-2. Christ-Centered ViewFigure 2. A Christ-Centered View of the Plan of Happiness

The Three Pillars of Eternity

It was Elder Bruce R. McConkie who brought attention to the fact that there is a different, Christ-centered way of presenting this Plan that appears several places in scripture.[4] It emphasizes what he called the “three pillars” of the Creation, the Fall, and the Atonement of Jesus Christ.[5]

01-3. Our religionFigure 3.The Atonement of Jesus Christ

“The Fundamental Principles of Our Religion”

The Atonement of Jesus Christ is the basis for every essential element of our religion. Indeed, we might say that our religion is nothing more nor less than an application of the results of this Atonement to the lives of individuals and families.[6] The Atonement is the means by which we are saved and exalted, and without it our Church would be nothing more than a social club. The Prophet Joseph Smith said it this way:[7]

The fundamental principles of our religion are the testimony of the Apostles and Prophets, concerning Jesus Christ, that He died, was buried, and rose again the third day, and ascended into heaven; and all other things which pertain to our religion are only appendages to it.

The prophet Alma likewise taught:[8]

And behold, this is the whole meaning of the law, every whit pointing to that great and last sacrifice [of] the Son of God

As one would expect, the Atonement is also central to temple worship. However, sometimes people have a tendency to approach learning about the temple in a piecemeal fashion. For example, they focus their primary attention on understanding the meaning of specific symbols used in scripture and temple worship. While there is much that can be learned from this kind of study, most of us not only struggle with the meaning of individual concepts and symbols, but also-and perhaps more crucially-in understanding how these concepts and symbols fit together as a whole system. The symbols and concepts of the temple are best understood, not in isolation, but within the full context of the Plan of Happiness to which they belong.

01-4. Thomas-RowlandsonFigure 4. Thomas Rowlandson, 1756-1827: Finding the Shipwrecked Sailor (9)

G. K. Chesterton has compared our position as mortals struggling to apprehend the divine to that of a “sailor who awakens from a deep sleep and discovers treasure strewn about, relics from a civilization he can barely remember. One by one he picks up the relics-gold coins, a compass, fine clothing-and tries to discern their meaning.”[10] Gradually, glimmers of recognition begin to emerge. However, the re-discovery of the significance of each item comes not so much through careful scrutiny of its outward features as it does through specific recollections of its former place as a natural part of the distant world where he once lived. The point of the illustration is that the answers to our most important questions about God cannot be found merely through piecemeal examination of the relics of religion. Specifically, we profit from careful scrutiny of individual religious symbols in proportion to our possession of knowledge about the overall order from which they derive their significance. To the degree we lack such knowledge, we may be easily led down blind alleys or, perhaps worse, we may be distracted by glittering details while failing to ascertain the “weightier matters”[11] of God’s instruction. In short, the greatest benefits from temple worship will come, not to those who begin their learning by trying to comprehend the particulars of the ordinances, but rather to those who are prepared with an understanding of the Gospel as a whole-especially the all-embracing doctrines of the Creation, the Fall, and the Atonement.

01-5A. Parry-Temple as Prototype-Creation FallFigure 5.Michael P. Lyon, 1952-: Sacred Topography of Eden and Temple, 1994 (12)

The temple ordinances are designed to correct alternative methods of gospel teaching by showing us how the Atonement of Jesus Christ fits in the context of the Creation and the Fall. In the temple, we learn of the purpose of Creation and how Jesus Christ Himself was the one to carry out the Creation on behalf of the Father.[13] We learn why the Fall was not a colossal mistake, as some have misunderstood, but rather was an essential part of the Father’s plan.[14] Finally, by learning the Gospel and applying the Atonement of Jesus Christ in our individual lives, each participant in temple ordinances traces the footsteps of Adam and Eve in reverse direction of the Fall-from the telestial world back into the presence of the Father. Jesus Christ, in profound brevity, summarized His own mission in similar fashion, showing us the two-part path that we ourselves are to follow:[15]

I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father.

Firmly orienting our focus on the great purpose of the temple as the outfitter for our return journey, and poignantly underscoring the need for a more widespread appreciation of our supernal privileges in this regard, President David O. McKay said:[16]

Brothers and sisters, I believe there are few, even temple workers, who comprehend the full meaning and power of the temple endowment. Seen for what it is, it is the step-by-step ascent into the Eternal Presence. If our young people could but glimpse it, it would be the most powerful spiritual motivation of their lives.

Links to all of the articles in this series-

Part 1 Why Do We Participate in Temple Ordinances?”

Part 2 A Christ-Centered View

Part 3 Knowledge as the Principle of Salvation

Part 4 How Are We Physically and Spiritually Reborn in the Temple?”

Part 5 What is the Endowment?”

Part 6  Passing the Angels Who Stand as Sentinels

Part 7  “The Meaning of the Atonement

Part 8 “Becoming the Seed of Abraham”‘: The Sealing and Healing Power of Elijah

Part 9: “The Church and Kingdom”: Becoming Priests and Kings

Part 10: “The Elect of God”: What Does It Mean to Have One’s “Calling and Election Made Sure?

Part 11: All That My Father Hath Shall Be Given Unto Him”: Receiving the Kingdom

Part 12: The Second Comforter: “The Father Teacheth Him”

Part 13:Weary Him Until He Blesses You” 

Part 14: “What are the Three Degrees Within the Celestial Kingdom?”


<p style=”margin: 0cm 0cm 0.

<hr class=’system-pagebreak’ /><hr class=’system-pagebreak’ /><hr class=’system-pagebreak’ /><hr class=’system-pagebreak’ /><hr class=’system-pagebreak’ /><hr class=’system-pagebreak’ />0001pt 36pt; text-align: left; text-indent: -36pt;” align=”left”>           Chesterton, Gilbert Keith. 1908. Orthodoxy. New York City, NY: Image Books / Doubleday, 2001.

Hafen, Bruce C. “A disciple’s journey.” In Brigham Young University 2007-2008 Speeches, 291-305. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University, 2008.  (accessed September 1, 2009).

—. Spiritually Anchored in Unsettled Times. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 2009.

Lewis, C. S. 1942-1944. Mere Christianity. New York City, NY: Macmillan, 1977.

Madsen, Truman G. The Presidents of the Church: Insights into their Lives and Teachings. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 2004.

—. 1978. “House of glory.” In Five Classics by Truman G. Madsen, 273-85. Salt Lake City, UT: Eagle Gate, 2001. Reprint, Madsen, Truman G. 1978. “House of glory.” In The Temple: Where Heaven Meets Earth, 1-14. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 2008.

McConkie, Bruce R. A New Witness for the Articles of Faith. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1985.

Richardson, Nathan. 2010. Two views of the plan of salvation (The Path of Adam’s Fall, Part 2 of 3, 23 December 2010). In LDS Philosopher. (accessed January 28, 2011).

Smith, Joseph, Jr. 1938. Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1969.



[1] Used with permission of Nathan Richardson. From N. Richardson, Two Views.

[2]Alma 42:8, 16.

[3]N. Richardson, Two Views.

[4] See, e.g., 2 Nephi 2:22-26; Alma 18:36, 39; Alma 22:13; Mormon 9:12; Articles of Faith 1:1-3; D&C 20:17-18, 20-25; Moses 6:54-59.

[5] Elder McConkie wrote (B. R. McConkie, New Witness, pp. 81-82):

We view the atonement of the Lord Jesus Christ as the center … of revealed religion. It brings to pass the immortality and eternal life of man….

But had there been no fall, there could have been no Atonement. The fall of Adam brought temporal and spiritual death into the world, and it is from these deaths that man and all forms of life are ransomed through the atonement. … Adam brought mortality; Christ brought immortality….

But if the earth and man and all living things had not been created in their … paradisiacal state, in a state of deathlessness, there could have been no Fall.

The Fall, with its resultant probationary estate, is the child of the original and primeval creation, and the Atonement is the child of the Fall…. Salvation comes because of the Creation, the Fall, and the Atonement; these three are each part of one divine plan.

[6]When we have proven our faithfulness through all the experiences that the Lord sees fit to inflict upon us (see Mosiah 3:19), the Atonement will then have full claim on our souls. In the first stages, it heals our wounds (see Isaiah 53:5), while, in its ultimate manifestation, it literally clothes us with the glory of God in His similitude (D&C 45:44, 65:5; 1 John 3:2-3; Moroni 7:48) and crowns us with immortality and eternal life (D&C 20:14, 66:12, 75:5, 81:6, 138:51). Amplifying this thought, C. S. Lewis writes (C. S. Lewis, Mere, pp. 169-170, bracketed words added):

This is the whole of Christianity. There is nothing else. It is so easy to get muddled about that. It is easy to think that the Church has a lot of different objects-education, building, missions, holding [meetings]… [However] the Church exists for nothing else but to draw men into Christ, to [re]make them [in the image of Christ]. If they are not doing that, all the [chapels, temples], [priesthood], missions, sermons, even the [Holy Scriptures themselves], are simply a waste of time. [The Savior came to earth] for no other purpose… [T]he whole universe was created for [just this] purpose [see Moses 1:39].

[7]J. Smith, Jr., Teachings, 8 May 1838, p. 121.

[8] Alma 34:14.

[10] P. Yancey, introduction to G. K. Chesterton, Orthodoxy, p. xiii.

[11] Matthew 23:23.

[12] Used with permission of Michael P. Lyon.

[13] See e.g., John 1:3, 10; Ephesians 3:9; Hebrews 1:2; 2 Nephi 9:5; Mosiah 3:8, 5:15, 26:23; Ether 3:16; D&C 38:3, 76:24, 88:7-10, 93:9; Moses 1:33, 2:1.

[14] See, e.g., 2 Nephi 2:22-26.

[15] John 16:28.

[16] Cited in T. G. Madsen, Presidents, pp. 269-270; cf. T. G. Madsen, House, p. 282. Likewise, the Prophet Joseph Smith said (J. Smith, Jr., Teachings, 7 April 1844, p. 348, see pp. 346-348, 354):

When you climb up a ladder, you must begin at the bottom, and ascend step by step, until you arrive at the top; and so it is with the principles of the Gospel-you must begin with the first, and go on until you learn all the principles of exaltation.

Note that I will use the more readily available Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith in preference to, e.g., Documentary History of the Church and The Words of Joseph Smith, except where these sources further illuminate the subject at hand.

See B. C. Hafen, Anchored, pp. 9-35 for a beautiful exposition of the step-by-step ascent into the Divine Presence. An earlier version of the same material is available online (B. C. Hafen, Disciple’s Journey).